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Saturday June 22, 2024
Saturday June 22, 2024

Bank of Canada interest rate cut could boost GTA real estate market



Potential rate cuts may encourage homebuyers, impacting sales and prices in the GTA

TORONTO — Prospective homebuyers in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) are eagerly anticipating potential interest rate cuts by the Bank of Canada. This expectation follows recent economic signals and could significantly impact the region’s real estate market. Jason Mercer, chief market analyst at the Toronto Regional Real Estate Board (TRREB), noted that GTA housing sales dropped by 5% in April compared to the same time last year. Conversely, new listings increased by 47% during the same period, setting the stage for potential market changes.

“And so the market is sort of primed to see more buyers moving into the marketplace,” Mercer said, highlighting the potential for increased activity if borrowing costs decrease. The Bank of Canada’s next rate decision is expected on June 5, following a notable drop in inflation to 2.7% in April.

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“There are a lot of buyers, or would-be homebuyers, who are sitting on the sidelines right now,” Mercer explained. “They want to see that tangible evidence that the Bank of Canada is indeed going to start cutting borrowing costs. They need to see lower mortgage rates to meet their affordability threshold, if you will.”

TRREB has predicted an uptick in sales for the second half of 2024, contingent on these expected rate cuts. However, James Orlando, TD Economics’ senior economist, suggested that the Bank of Canada might delay the rate cut until July 24 rather than implementing it in June.

“(Lower inflation) raises the probability of a cut in June, but it’s still our view that the most likely path for the Bank of Canada would be to use that June meeting to tee up a rate cut in July,” Orlando stated. He added that the markets are currently prepared for a July rate cut, and an unexpected cut in June could cause financial market volatility.

Orlando predicted that the first cut would reduce the central bank’s key rate from 5% to 4.75%. “The fact that inflation has decelerated is a sign that it’s going to keep decelerating, moving towards the Bank of Canada’s target of 2%,” he noted. This trend in inflation gives confidence to the idea that the Bank of Canada can lower rates without causing economic instability.

As for the real estate market in the GTA, Orlando observed that sales and prices have been trending lower than expected in the 2024 spring buying season. “I think most of it still is an affordability issue,” he said. “But if we’re right and the Bank of Canada starts cutting (interest) rates, and at a fairly quick clip in the second half of 2024 and into 2025, that would be your tailwind to the real estate market.”

A decrease in interest rates could make mortgages more affordable, potentially spurring a resurgence in homebuying. This would be particularly significant for the GTA, where high prices have made affordability a key issue for many potential buyers. Lower borrowing costs could help more individuals and families enter the housing market, boosting sales and possibly stabilizing or increasing property prices.

In conclusion, while the exact timing of the Bank of Canada’s rate cuts remains uncertain, the potential for lower interest rates could provide a much-needed boost to the GTA real estate market. Buyers and industry stakeholders alike are watching closely, as these decisions will likely shape the housing landscape for the remainder of the year and into 2025.


The anticipation of interest rate cuts by the Bank of Canada highlights several critical factors in the GTA real estate market. Politically, the central bank’s decisions play a crucial role in shaping economic stability and growth. Interest rate adjustments can influence consumer behaviour, investment decisions, and overall economic health.

From a sociological perspective, lower interest rates could make homeownership more accessible for a broader segment of the population. This potential increase in homeownership can enhance community stability and provide long-term economic benefits for individuals and families.

Economically, the real estate market is a significant driver of economic activity in the GTA. Increased home sales can stimulate related industries, including construction, retail, and services, thereby contributing to broader economic growth. Additionally, higher home sales can lead to increased property tax revenues, supporting local government services and infrastructure.

Locally, the real estate market in the GTA has faced challenges related to affordability and supply. A reduction in interest rates could alleviate some of these pressures by making financing more accessible. This could lead to a more dynamic market, with increased transactions and a better balance between supply and demand.

Gender perspectives are also relevant, as homeownership can provide financial security and independence, particularly for women. Lower interest rates could enable more women to enter the housing market, promoting gender equity in property ownership and financial stability.

Race and minority perspectives are essential in understanding the broader impacts of interest rate cuts. Minority communities often face additional barriers to homeownership, including economic disparities and discriminatory practices. Lower borrowing costs could help mitigate some of these barriers, promoting more inclusive growth in the housing market.

Theoretical perspectives on economic behaviour suggest that interest rate cuts can stimulate demand by lowering the cost of borrowing. This aligns with the expectations of increased homebuying activity in the GTA if the Bank of Canada reduces rates. However, it is crucial to monitor inflation and market stability to ensure that such measures do not lead to overheating or long-term imbalances.

In summary, the potential for interest rate cuts by the Bank of Canada represents a critical juncture for the GTA real estate market. The anticipated reductions could provide significant benefits, enhancing affordability, stimulating economic activity, and promoting inclusive growth. As stakeholders await the central bank’s decisions, the implications for the housing market and the broader economy will be closely scrutinized.


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