Wednesday, June 12, 2024
Wednesday June 12, 2024
Wednesday June 12, 2024

Adani Group regains $200 billion market cap amid coal invoicing controversy



Investors show confidence as Adani Group denies allegations of supplying low-quality coal to Tamil Nadu power company

Adani Group’s market capitalization surged past the $200 billion mark on Wednesday, reaching Rs 16.9 lakh crore. This gain came after the company’s listed firms collectively added Rs 11,300 crore, signalling strong investor confidence in the wake of allegations concerning the supply of low-quality coal to a Tamil Nadu power company. Over the last two trading sessions, the conglomerate’s market capitalization increased by Rs 56,250 crore, according to stock exchange data.

The surge followed a report by the London-based Financial Times. The report, based on documents from the George Soros-backed Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP), accused the Adani Group of fraudulent practices in 2013, involving the sale of low-grade coal as high-value fuel. Despite these claims, the Adani Group firmly denied any wrongdoing, maintaining that all allegations were unfounded and baseless.

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The opposition, including former Congress president Rahul Gandhi, seized upon the report, calling for a joint parliamentary committee to investigate the claims. In response, a spokesperson for the Adani Group stated that the quality of the coal had been independently verified at multiple points, including during loading and discharge, and by customs authorities and officials from the Tamil Nadu Generation and Distribution Company (Tangedco). 

“The coal quality was tested thoroughly, and all consignments met the required standards,” the spokesperson said. “The payment is contingent on the quality of coal supplied, which undergoes stringent testing.” The group emphasized that the vessel mentioned in the report had not transported coal from Indonesia before February 2014, contradicting the report’s timeline.

The allegations were based on a comparison between Free on Board (FOB) and Cost, Insurance, and Freight (CIF) prices, leading to claims of low gross calorific value (GCV) coal being supplied. The Adani Group dismissed these allegations, highlighting that the procurement price was irrelevant due to the fixed-price nature of the contract.

The report also revisited old allegations concerning the Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI) inquiry into the overvaluation of Indonesian coal imports. The Adani Group clarified that the inquiry involved 40 companies and that they had provided all necessary details to the DRI over four years ago. Since then, there had been no further requests or communications from the DRI regarding deficiencies or objections.

In terms of sourcing, the group stated, “Adani Global Pte Ltd procures coal from reputable entities with the necessary credentials. This is essential to avoid financial and reputational risks.”

Market analysts noted that the recent allegations did not significantly impact Adani Group stocks. “The market has matured and assesses the severity of situations before reacting,” said Deven Choksey, managing director of DRChoksey Finserv. “The fundamentals of Adani Group companies are stronger than in 2014, and the group is poised for even greater strength by 2034.”

Over the past year, Adani Group’s market capitalization has grown by 56.6 percent, significantly outperforming the broader Nifty index, which gained 23.3 percent during the same period.


The recent surge in Adani Group’s market capitalization, despite allegations of coal invoicing fraud, reflects the strong confidence investors have in the conglomerate’s resilience and transparency. The market’s reaction underscores a broader trend where investors weigh the potential impact of allegations more cautiously, especially when firms demonstrate robust defence mechanisms and provide comprehensive clarifications.

From a political perspective, the timing of the allegations and the subsequent calls for a parliamentary probe by opposition leaders like Rahul Gandhi highlights the ongoing scrutiny of large corporations in India. The Adani Group’s significant growth and influence make it a focal point for political discourse, particularly when allegations of misconduct arise. The group’s proactive response and detailed rebuttal aim to mitigate any political fallout and maintain investor trust.

Sociologically, the allegations and their dismissal reflect the complexities of global business practices and the challenges multinational companies face in maintaining their reputation across different jurisdictions. The involvement of the George Soros-backed OCCRP adds a layer of international scrutiny, emphasizing the interconnectedness of global watchdog entities and their influence on local business practices.

Economically, the Adani Group’s substantial growth and its ability to weather such allegations demonstrate its robust business model and market positioning. The group’s performance, particularly its market capitalization growth, highlights its strategic investments and diversified portfolio, spanning various sectors from energy to infrastructure. This economic resilience reassures investors and stakeholders about the group’s long-term viability.

Locally, the controversy involving the Tamil Nadu power company underscores the importance of corporate governance and regulatory compliance in India’s energy sector. Ensuring the quality and integrity of coal supplies is crucial for maintaining public trust and operational efficiency in state-run utilities.

In terms of gender and minority perspectives, while the news primarily focuses on corporate and economic aspects, the broader implications of such controversies can impact employment and community relations. Companies like Adani Group, with significant local employment, need to maintain ethical practices to support the livelihoods and well-being of diverse communities reliant on their operations.

Overall, the Adani Group’s ability to regain investor confidence swiftly after the allegations indicate strong corporate governance and effective crisis management. As the conglomerate continues to expand, maintaining transparency and addressing such challenges head-on will be crucial for sustaining its market position and stakeholder trust.


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